As in part 1, the math channel in this second part uses Ohm’s law: dividing voltage by resistance to obtain current. We will be looking at prolonged parasitic drain measurements through a 0.1 ohm resistor placed in series (via a fuse) with the battery negative lead and the battery negative post.
While the current clamp method remains an accurate and rapid non-intrusive test (see links below), prolonged measurements in excess of 12 hours can become challenging at best. Issues like the clamp’s internal battery and thermal drift spring to mind.
By measuring the volt drop across the resistor and dividing the voltage value by 0.1, we can display current by using a math channel. While this method is more intrusive, we remove all the limitations presented when using a current clamp for prolonged measurements.
It is vital to insert the resistor at precisely the correct time during the shutdown period of the vehicle, while still maintaining contact between the battery negative terminal and the negative lead. Momentary disconnection of the battery negative lead to insert the resistor, will most probably shut down the device we are trying to diagnose.
Be aware of any current flow through the 0.1 Ohm resistor in the case of a device waking up or activating during your measurement. Make sure that your resistor has a wattage rating that is sufficient to carry a specified amount of current to allow for events like these. A 0.1 ohm resistor rated at 50 watts should carry 4 amps comfortably if mounted in a heat sink: Watts = Volts *Amps 50 W/12.6 V = 3.96 A.
For parasitic drain of 4 A, a current clamp will be far superior. However, if the 4 A discharge only occurs after 12 hours, the resistor method is perfect. You can feel safe in the knowledge that it can carry 4 A comfortably. If all else fails, your inline fuse will act as a fail-safe.
Given the small voltage levels, filtering will be essential. Most certainly bandwidth limit (4225 and 4425) accompanied by lowpass filtering (1 kHz minimum). You can read more about filtering here.
The following is a great example of the resistor volt drop method capturing parasitic drain over long periods of time. The math channel confirms that there is a component that wakes up every 15 minutes for approximately 2 minutes and 16 seconds. The total test time was 13 hours and 16 seconds, with no need to worry about battery failure on the current clamp or thermal drift.
For increased accuracy, you could modify the math channel to allow for resistance of the inline fuse too.