The purpose of this test is to evaluate the operation of an inductive Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor from its output voltage.
This known good waveform has the following characteristics:
A CMP sensor signals one or more fixed camshaft reference positions to the Engine Control Module (ECM), for example, the arrival of cylinder one intake stroke.
A CMP sensor is sometimes referred to as a Cylinder Identification (CID) sensor or phase sensor.
The ECM uses the camshaft sensor signal for accurate timing control of ignition, injection, and variable valve phasing, etc.
An inductive CMP sensor consists of a circuit with a wire coil around a magnet. The sensor is accompanied by a reluctor ring, or trigger wheel, attached to the camshaft. The reluctor ring or trigger wheel, which may be configured with one or more teeth, holes or slots, periodically disturb the sensor’s magnetic field to induce a circuit voltage. The induced voltage depends on engine speed: the faster the camshaft rotates, the greater the magnetic field disturbance.
If a unique reference mark exists for each cylinder, the camshaft position sensor signal can be used as a rapid start phase sensor: with this configuration, a 4-cylinder engine can start within 180 degrees of crankshaft rotation (90 degrees of camshaft rotation).
A faulty camshaft sensor can cause multiple misfires, loss of engine performance, engine cutting out, limp-home mode operation, or engine cranking but not starting symptoms.
Possible faults are:
Selection of component related Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
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